Yi Zhang was born in Shanghai, China. He received his Bachelor-Phys.degree in 1982 at the Jiao Tong-University, Shanghai, his Dipl.-Phys. degree in 1987 and his Ph.D. degree in 1990 at the Justus-Liebig University Gießen, Germany.
He joined theForschungszentrum Juelich in 1990, dedicating his work to the fabrication and application of High Tc rf SQUIDs. In April 1993 he became awarded the title of an extraordinary professor for modern physics at the University of Peking and in November 1997, he became awarded the title of an extraordinary professor on the field of SQUID technologies at the Jiao Tong-University, Shanghai. In 2001, he spent four months as a guest scientist at the University of California, Berkeley, in Prof. John Clarke’s Group, working on the novel superconductor magnesiumdiboride and developing the first MgB2 SQUID. He became the title of an adviser professor at University Tongji in Shanghai in October 2002. He was one of the co-authors of “SQUID Handbook” edited by John Clarke and Alex. I. Braginski, WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA (2004). Recently, he has been invited as adviser professor at Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and guest professor at Jilin University (2011). In April 2014, Shanghai government has awarded him with “international cooperation award”. Dr. Yi Zhang has more than 150 publications and about 30 pending or filed patents, and is one of the leading scientists for SQUIDs worldwide. Several of his works were cited in the Book “100 Years of Superconductivity” edited by Horst Rogalla and Peter H. Kes (2011), CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group.
在传统的SQUID系统中，人们试图把读出电路的噪声抑制到SQUID内禀噪声以下，以获得最佳系统噪声，即可以实现读出SQUID的内禀噪声。然而，它取决于SQUID的βc，对强阻尼SQUID (小βc)，其内禀噪声是很难被读出。而对于弱阻尼SQUID (大βc)，其内禀噪声却很容易被得到，因为它远大于读出电路噪声。
在现代SQUID系统中，我们寻找这两部分噪声的平衡，以达到最低系统噪声。基于这个理念，我们开发了一套最简单的读出电路，它仅用一个运算放大器来完成所有读出电路的功能，低噪声放大和输出电压线性化 (磁通锁定环)。这样的SQUID系统具有简单，稳定，操作方便，适应于户内外各种应用，我们已演示了其应用在心磁图测量 (磁屏蔽室内) 和地球物理瞬变电磁法测量 (多地野外测量)的可行性。